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Pir Saqib Shaami
Pir Saqib is making the rounds on the tube at the moment with grandiose, puffed up titles and remarks for his lectures such as, "...another earthquake in the lands of najd!". He is alleging that the Shafi'ite jurists justifed innovation in matters of ibaadah (worship) - which has been demolished and exposed right here. The Shafi'ite jurists (al-Nawawi, al-Izz bin Abd al-Salam) were of the view that the usage of the word bidah by the Messenger (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) was with its purely linguistic meaning and hence used without qualification. Upon this assumption they entered the five rulings (waajib, mustahabb, mubah, makruh and haram) into the domain of bid'ah so as to ensure that things which are permitted in the Shari'ah are not wrongly classified as blameworthy innovations. The bidah they classified as waajib, mustahabb and mubaah was intended by them to include things which come under the principle, "that which by which an obligation cannot be fulfilled is itself and obligation" and things which support the five necessities (preservation of religion, life, property, intellect and lineage). In other words the wasaa'il (ways and means) that help fulfil these objectives, and under this would come things such as the compilation of the Qur'an, Quran and Hadeeth sciences, building hospitals, schools and so on. These are not things intended in and of themselves but are for an objective established in the Shari'ah through broad principles but whose ways and means the Shari'iah itself did not specify in detail and which are either obligatory or recommended. Likewise novel forms of what already has the ruling of being mubah (permissible) in the Shari'ah and they include within these "permissible (mubah) innovations", those that relate to new types of food and clothing and housing that were not known or present before. This is what they actually meant and it has absolutely nothing to do with justifying innovated forms of worship. At the same time, these same scholars showed vehemence and rejection against innovations in worship (see here, here, here, and here, all examples from al-Nawawi). Further, these scholars are subject to being both right and wrong in matters of religion and any particular views they held in certain areas are subject to evaluation in light of the Book and the Sunnah and what the Salaf of this Ummah were united upon, since these later scholars were not more pious, righteous and knowledgeable than the Imaams of the Sunnah from the Companions, Taabi'een and their followers, sticking to whom is commanded in the Shariah texts. This matter has been explained in full in this article and this article in detail. In the video in question, the Pir Saqib has used numerous false doubts and false arguments regarding the issue of bidah (and its classification into hasanah and sayyi'ah) all of which have been explained and rebutted in the articles alluded to already (read the full eight-part series).